Teen Dating Violence: Take it Seriously Before it Happens Again

Last week, the Boston area was shocked to hear that the body of Wayland, Mass., high-school graduate Lauren Astley, 18, was found in a marsh in what looks to be an act of teen domestic violence that occurred after Astley ended a three-year relationship with her boyfriend Nathaniel Fujita. As if this wasn’t awful enough, the Boston Globe interviewed a cross-section of Boston area teens and found that, despite the recent tragedy, many of them think they’re “too young” to worry about dating violence.

The Globe reported that many teens believe that relationships are too casual at their age to incite the kind of emotional intensity that results in violence. Relationship advice from health teachers and guidance counselors was described as “sporadic,” perhaps because adults also assume that teens are “too young” for dating violence. The sad truth is they aren’t.

Teen domestic violence falls under the broader category of dating abuse, which includes physical, sexual, verbal and emotional abuse. The Centers for Disease Control’s 2009 nationwide Youth Risk Behavior survey revealed that 9.8 percent of high school students reported being purposefully hit, slapped or physically hurt by their significant other in the past year. The Love Is Respect campaign says that number is closer to 20 percent. Also, according to their 2007 survey, one in three teens know someone who has been physically hurt by a partner.

Now that almost every teenager has access to Facebook and cell phones, dating abuse is happening is less familiar ways. According to Love is Respect’s survey, one-third of teens report receiving 10, 20 or even 30 texts an hour from their partner, asking where they are and who they’re with. This issue was publicized in the memorable 2009 “That’s Not Cool” PSA, co-created by Futures Without Violence (formerly Family Violence Prevention Fund), the Department of Justice’s Office on Violence Against Women and the Advertising Council.

The “Love is Respect” and “That’s Not Cool” campaigns are great examples of the work being done on this issue at the national level. There’s also innovative work being done locally, such as the Boston Public Health Commission’s “Start Strong” initiative. It recruits older teenage volunteers to teach healthy relationship skills to 11- to 14-year-olds.

So often with rape and sexual assault, the burden of prevention is placed on the would-be-victim: Don’t walk alone at night, don’t leave your drink unattended, etc. While it is absolutely crucial to educate teens to the signs of dating abuse and encourage them to get help when they see or experience it, however, it is also important to target prevention efforts at future abusers. Tumblr user No, Not You wrote a satiric list of “guaranteed to work” Sexual Assault Prevention Tips that flipped the conventional approach on its head, with tips like, “Don’t put drugs in people’s drinks to control their behavior,” and “When you see someone walking by themselves, leave them alone!”

Still, despite the visibility of national campaigns and local initiatives, there are plenty of teens and parents who just don’t see domestic violence as a teen issue, even when it cuts short the lives of young people. Cases of extreme violence are seen as anomalies, when in fact they represent the far end of a long and varied continuum of abuse. It’s hard for teens and their parents to see the more subtle forms of abuse such as name-calling or controlling behavior as linked with extreme violence, but they are. Teen dating abuse is not only common, it escalates, becoming increasingly violent as time passes. We do young people a disservice if we think of Astley’s murder as an isolated incident; this should be the takeaway as we hear her story and mourn her loss.

Photo from Flickr user Daniel Paquet under license from Creative Commons 2.0

 

Comments

  1. Dan The Man says:

    A topic that is only dabbled in the mainstream. Thank you for bringing the attention back to it!

  2. Thank you for this important post. Sadly, a similar situation happened in Washington a few years ago. Dayna Fure was murdered by her ex-boyfriend just before her high school graduation. Her parents didn’t want to see this happen to anyone else, and so they funded the development of In Their Shoes: Teens and Dating Violence. It’s a scenario-based training that helps parents and teachers understand what dating is like for teens these days. It gives adults the tools they need to talk to teens about their relationships. Check it out at wscadv.org – it’s a great way to get these important conversations started!

    • I am a birth doula that recently participated in a training that included a version of In Their Shoes and highly recommend it to social workers, health care workers, teachers, and parents. As a survivor of domestic abuse, I feel it is so important to educate parents and teachers on the signs of an abusive relationship and where the behavior may be coming from within the abuser. Many teens become involved in relationships that are abusive via extreme jealousy, need for controlling their partner, and emotional violence before they escalate to physical violence.

  3. TEEN DATE VIOLENCE EDUCATION:

    I am going for a Pepsi Refresh Everything $50,000 Grant and I need your VOTES to win.

    The grant is to help produce the next segment of my Youth series the educational documentary

    “The Impact of Your Choice”-Teen Date Violence.

    Please use the link below to VOTE once a day, EVERYDAY until 11:59pm, September 30th.

    Anyone 13 years or older with one or more email addresses can register and vote. Additionally special codes on Pepsi bottle caps can be used for 5 to 100 votes. Please collect Pepsi “Power Vote” bottle caps and I will gladly pick them up or you could email the code inside the cap

    http://www.refresheverything.com/stop-teen-date-v

    Once you are registered you can also vote via your cellpone by texting* 108892 to Pepsi (73774) to vote from your mobile. Premium text rates may apply. check with your network.

    PLEASE pass this on to EVERYONE you know!

    Thank you for all of your help and support!

    Deb Hoch, Producer

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  4. laviniarain says:

    I am sad to say that even at 14 I have witnessed dating violence with my friends. I never really thought about it before. Domestic violence is like a man hurting a woman not some guy in school hitting his girlfriend. But one of my best friends is going through a dangerous relationship right now and she’s only 14. So it happens. I found this article and it started to make sense. Here’s the link: http://www.examiner.com/x-57768-West-Palm-Beach-Teen-Issues-Examiner~y2010m7d9-Teen-dating-violence-could-be-affecting-someone-you-know

  5. It’s absolutely shocking that this is occurring: it’s something that I fortunately never saw or heard much about when I was a teen. I wonder how educators are looking to correct this terrible trend or if they’re just ignoring it as usual…

    BTW, Deb, good on you for taking the initiative with your grant application. How’d it turn out?

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