Crisis Pregnancy Centers Play Fast and Loose with Church and State


An investigative report into the nation’s crisis pregnancy centers (CPCs) by Sofia Resnick of the American Independent has raised red flags, suggesting that the organizations may be violating separation of church and state in their use of government funds.

That’s actually quite hard to do. In 2002, via two executive orders, President George W. Bush controversially declared that “faith-based” organizations could receive government grants to provide social services. Moreover, he decreed they could administer those services while still using religious names, mission statements, hiring policies and facilities. The only First Amendment stipulation was that they could not use federal funds for “inherently religious activities, such as worship, religious instruction, or proselytization.”

Among the beneficiaries of Bush’s faith-based initiatives programs have been crisis pregnancy centers: “counseling” centers whose main goal is to dissuade women from abortion. They received an estimated $60 million dollars in federal grants for abstinence-only programs between 2001 and 2006. Resnick determined that in 2012, CPCs will receive some level of federal funding, as well as at least 17 million dollars from individual states, which are bound by the same rules.

Resnick’s report, “Jobs for Christians,” reveals that nearly all of these CPCs have an explicitly Christian mission statement and a Christians-only hiring policy (even for volunteers). A spokesperson for the major CPC network Heartbeat International told Resnick, “We hire individuals who support our mission, our vision and our Christian core operational values and beliefs.”

These revelations have caused an uproar in the feminist blogosphere. But of course, thanks to Bush, religious mission statements and hiring practices are perfectly legal for federally funded charities (though some legal and religious groups want to change that). Under the Faith-Based Initiatives program, a taxpayer-funded soup kitchen can hire only Christians. The only line drawn by the law is that worship and religious instruction must remain separate: no gospel with the soup.

Proselytizing is where CPCs may be running afoul of the law. Resnick provides public materials from various centers that give the strong impression of preaching gospel to the women they council, which would violate separation of church and state. Resnick cites one crisis pregnancy center in Tampa, Fla., that tells prospective volunteers:

Our doors are open to women who do not know where else to turn, women searching for answers and help with unexpected pregnancies. Women who need honest information and material items for their baby.

Women who need Jesus!

YOU can be the one to introduce them to Jesus and help them make life-changing decisions. [itals added]

Likewise, CareNet, one of the largest network of CPCs in the country, makes all workers agree to a pledge that describes spreading the gospel as the CPCs’ “primary mission”:

The primary mission of the center is to share the truth and love of Jesus Christ in conjunction with a ministry to those facing pregnancy related issues. The pregnancy center is an outreach ministry of Jesus Christ through His church. Therefore, the pregnancy center, embodied in its volunteers, is committed to presenting the gospel of our Lord to women with crisis pregnancies — both in word and in deed. [itals added]

Such language certainly makes it sound as though CPCs consider Jesus to be part and parcel of anti-abortion counseling. After reading these passages, Gregory M. Lipper, senior litigation counsel for Americans United for Separation of Church and State, told Ms.:

Using taxpayer money to provide explicitly Christian-based pregnancy counseling is a clear violation of the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause. Soup kitchens might be able to separate their religious message from the food they serve. But the CPCs’ own documents and promotional materials illustrate that their advice to pregnant women is not and cannot be separated from their religious mission.

And if this is what’s written down on paper, and with their overwhelming emphasis on hiring only Christians, I can only imagine what actually happens day to day.

Using federal funds to preach Christianity seems like a lawsuit waiting to happen. The proof, of course, is in the pudding: We won’t know for certain what happens inside CPCs unless clients or staff are willing to speak out.

Have you gone to a crisis pregnancy center and been (literally) preached at? Tell us in the comments or email jstites [at]

Take Action: To demand that the U.S. government stop funding CPCs, sign here.

The Coalition Against Religious Discrimination has repeatedly petitioned the Obama administration to end Bush’s exemptions for faith-based initiatives to practice religious discrimination in hiring. You can support the campaign here.

Photo from Marketplace Indiana.



  1. This makes me want to get a group of pro-choicers to pose as volunteers and infiltrate these horrible places! It makes me so sad that pregnant teens who are truly struggling to figure out what to do get tricked into going to these centers when what they really need is unbiased information.

    • I actually did just that twice, once on phone and once in person when iust happened to park next to one CPC. Both in Florida. Both lied cruelly to me, a nurse practitioner who knows the anatomy & physiology of pregnancy as many others do.

      They both said abortion causes cancer, which multiple studies have denied. They both told scary stories meant to turn away from abortion a novice pregnant woman. They became flustered when I asked for the source of studies that supported their claims, and hung up.

      These CPC people are CRIMINALS taking advantage of women (and their families) while they’re in an extremely vulnerable state. Mean and Machievellian to the MAX.

    • Ms. reported on a student who posed as a pregnant woman to see what really went on in CPCs. You can read part of the article here:

      ““Even before I found out I wasn’t pregnant, the counselor said I should abstain from sex,” says Lopez. She was given a fact sheet on “post-abortion stress” and asked to fill out a form that sought nonmedical information about her family and her religious beliefs. And then, when her urine test revealed not a pregnancy but a possible urinary tract infection, the center did not offer her any medical treatment or refer her elsewhere.”

      The more aware people are that this is going on, the more informed choices they will make and the more likely they will be to call out and challenge these centres of misinformation and intimidation. So spread the word, especially to young women who, as you say, may be vulnerable to the lies and persuasion of CPCs.

  2. really great article guys it is really scary to think that there are licensed professionals out there with other agendas other than the best health practice for the individual

  3. The effort to bring transperancy to CPCs has been a CITY BY CITY effort which is the ONLY right way to advocate as it is the ONLY way we can advance.

    Please read these petitions advocating municipal environmental
    contraception funding, which is increasingly politically realistic due
    to The Big Sort in more and more towns, and helps women’s rights, quality of life, and school taxes as well as being at
    least 5 times more cost-effective than any other environmental effort.

    The prochoice and contraception movements are placing too high a priority on defensive actions in the red states when we should be going on the offensive, the side of “change”, in the blue states, and cities. The worst places
    will get even worse no matter what we do, but the unrealized political potential, the low hanging fruit, is in making the best places even better. This opportunity is being caused by The Big Sort. Mayors are not answerable to rural voters, unlike governors and presidents.
    We americans love cars more than babies, Very soon we will have to choose, and we will choose cars.

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