The World of Black Literature

– On March 24, Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) becomes the first Black woman in North America to publish a newspaper, The Provincial Freeman, which caters to the free Black community that settled in Canada. The newspaper runs until 1857.

– In the spring, Solomon Northup (1808-ca.1863) publishes his narrative Twelve Years a Slave.

– In December, formerly enslaved abolitionist William Wells Brown (ca.1814-1884) publishes the first African American novel, Clotel; or, the President’s Daughter,  a fictional account of Thomas Jefferson’s daughter with Sally Hemings.


In October 2019, #MeToo movement founders Tarana Burke, Fatima Goss Graves, Ai-jen Poo and Mónica Ramírez started the hashtag, #MeTooVoter, a campaign to support a cross-cutting gender justice agenda that prioritizes policies and reforms to end sexual violence and harassment.