The Invisible War of Military Women

On Sunday I attended the Sundance premiere of The Invisible War, Kirby Dick’s heartbreaking documentary about sexual assault in the military.

The 90-minute documentary opens with vintage military recruitment ads aimed at women from as early as the 1940s. They’re followed by clips of women military members talking about what drew them to a career in the military.

Quickly, the interviews turn serious, and we learn that each woman is a survivor of rape at the hands of another military member. Even though all love the military, each says she would not recommend the military as a career to any other woman until significant structural changes are made to prevent sexual violence.

The Department of Defense estimates that during 2010, as many as 19,000 [PDF] women were raped in the military. Overall, more than twenty percent of women veterans report being raped by their coworkers either as recruits or as active duty members. And about one in 100 men screen positive for “military sexual trauma.”

Every survivor in the film—including one man—describes feelings of betrayal because their assailant was a “brother” in arms. Those who reported it talked about how traumatizing it was to then face retaliation from the military. Their frustrations over inadequate health care, therapy and support are another common theme.

The film’s main subject is Coast Guard recruit Kori Cioca, the lead plaintiff in a class-action lawsuit against Donald Rumsfeld, the former Secretary of Defense. Her rapist dislocated her jaw, she says, and Veterans Affairs has yet to provide medical coverage to fix it. In the meantime, she is in pain every day, can eat only soft foods and has to avoid going outside in the winter because her jaw locks up in the cold. Instead of approving surgery to repair her jaw, she says, the military doctors prescribed an alarming amount of drugs, which she displays.

During a survivor speak-out that followed the screening, Cioca went into more detail about the inadequate care she’s received. I was shocked when she described how one insensitive doctor questioned why she was there, claiming her jaw looked fine, then tried to pry her mouth open with his hands. Next he jammed a mirror in her mouth and despite her protests, only stopped when she got up and left. The other survivors shared similar horror stories of the treatment they received.

Not everything was sad, however. The film highlights several dedicated members of Congress, Rep. Jackie Speier (D-Calif.) and Rep. Linda Sánchez (D-Calif.), who are working to pass legislation to fix some of the structural problems in the military. Cicoca and other brave survivors have banded together with lawyer Susan Burke to file the class-action suit. The love the survivors’ families show them was also a positive force throughout the film: The tears of some of the women’s husbands moved members of the Sundance audience to tears.

The screening was followed by a survivor speak-out, during which more hope emerged. Survivor after survivor said that working with film producer Amy Ziering was better than any official therapy they’d been through because she actually listened to their stories without cutting them off or dismissing them. It was also heartening, they said, to learn they weren’t alone, and they hope that seeing the film will be a turning point for other survivors.

Spouses of survivors spoke at the session as well. One husband said that the film showed him and his wife how they can make their difference in the world: by speaking out for cultural and structural changes in the military.

You don’t have to be a survivor or the loved one of a survivor to advocate for change. If you want to help, you can:

  1. Sign and share a petition asking for structural changes in the military.
  2. Contact your Congressional Representative and ask her or him to co-sponsor the Support the Sexual Assault Training Oversight and Prevention (STOP) Act.
  3. Watch the film when it is available, tell your friends about it, or host a screening party.
  4. Look for updates on the film’s Take Action page and the @Invisible_War twitter feed.
Above: Myla Haider, Kori Cioca & Trina McDonald at the survivor speak-out session on Sunday. Photo courtesy of Deb Zeitman. All rights reserved.


  1. I’m so glad this subject is going to get some mainstream attention.Kirby Dick is a great filmmaker.I can’t wait to see this.

  2. I cannot wait to see this film! But I’m even more excited to know that the film will finally get this issue the widespread attention is deserves. My sincere thanks to all who participated in it!

  3. I also can’t wait to see this film! It’s going to shed so much light and open a lot of people’s eyes to issues the military would rather be kept secret.

  4. Don’t forget about military spouses. There is an epidemic of domestic violence, sexual assault, drinking, drug use, and yes, suicide among servicemembers, and it is resulting in the widespread breakups of military families right now. All these servicemembers are coming home with PTSD, TBI, etc. and it destroys the entire family, leaving spouses and children bereft, broken, and hopeless. There is a silent war on military wives now, as well.

  5. We are an organization in West Allis, Wisconsin in Milwaukee County. If you are in WI or IL or any other surrounding area, we are holding an event on September 20 from 9am to 5pm called STAND UP for Women Veterans!
    Please check out our Facebook page for more information!

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