Is a Vote for Leo’s “Wolf” a Vote for Sexism?

9090824053_5bd4873c1b_zThe campaign to assure Leonardo DiCaprio of his first Academy Award has filled many a full page in The New York Times and Variety. The ads laud his all-out portrayal of stock hustler Jordan Belfort, framing The Wolf of Wall Street as a modern financial morality tale and DiCaprio as its coked-up bard.

But the Oscar push that culminates this Sunday night has been deeply misguided. The Wolf of Wall Street isn’t really about money or greed or the broken American financial system.

It’s about gender.

Martin Scorsese used the convenient cover of the public distrust of Wall Street institutions to sneakily deliver a lowbrow bacchanal that doesn’t rise to the level of Caligula, the 1979 film it clearly sought to emulate. Yet, Tinto Brass produced better social commentary. Worse, Bob Guccione had more respect for women. And Caligula had better acting.

The relentless, endless, repetitive, underlying message of Scorcese’s Wolf is simple and brutal: women are commodities to be bought and sold.

In an era in which feminist civil rights ideals of equality and opportunity are on the rise and idiotic public statements about rape and sexual violence will cost even a Republican Congressman a public apology (or his job), Wolf is a stunningly retrograde document that knowingly celebrates a cast of violent and hateful characters who Scorsese undoubtedly thinks of as interesting, picaresque rogues. Who they really are, led by Leo DiCaprio’s vain, loin-driven portrayal of Belfort, debases any Oscar campaign, and renders any vote for DiCaprio as a vote for rank sexism and human trafficking.

Does Leo DiCaprio believes it’s OK to wander through the various post-orgiastic tableaus—and there are many in the numbingly lengthy Wolf—habitually and creepily squeezing random female breasts among the sleeping women in his path? If so, then he undoubtedly believes it’s fine that the man he portrays copped a cheap feel at another time and place. The transaction seems the same—though in this case, Martin Scorcese directed him to do so.

And does DiCaprio thinks it’s okay to snort fake cocaine from the anus of a young female actor on Martin Scorcese’s set because she’s willing and being paid for it (this is the actual opening scene of the movie)? If so, he undoubtedly believes it’s OK that another woman in the time and place the film portrays may have done the same thing with real drugs. The transaction seems the same … well, except for the humiliating presence of the film crew and millions of people in the audience, of course.

Some will argue this is cinema verité: painful perhaps, offensive certainly, but crucial to an accurate telling of the story. They are wrong. It is cinema fantastique, emanating as it does from the mind of the artist rather than plausible reality. This is an aging filmmaker’s final paean to his adolescent fantasies—if that filmmaker’s fantasies ran toward sexual violence, that is. And it’s a prominent actor’s descent into desperation disguised as acting, with a willingness to use women as fleshy props in pursuit of the golden statue.

The most damning proof of DiCaprio’s admiration for Jordan Belfort, and thus, perhaps, his endorsement for the life he portrays in Wolf—comes from his own lips, in a sickening sales video that endorses the convicted felon’s comeback as a self-help guru. Says DiCaprio:

I have been in his company many times, but there is nothing quite like Jordan’s public speaking, and his ability to train and empower young entrepreneurs. Jordan stands as a shining example of the transformative qualities of ambition and hard work, and in that regard, he is a true motivator.

In 1971, Pauline Kael wrote perhaps the definitive view of explicit sex breaking into mainstream cinema when she said of Last Tango In Paris:

It is a movie you can’t get out of your system, and I think it will make some people very angry and disgust others.

Four decades on, there is no shock value to the images in Wolf of Wall Street, and unlike Tango, there is no illumination to the relationships portrayed, either. As Stephanie Zacharek wrote in a scathing Village Voice review,

Long after we’ve gotten the picture, Scorsese and cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto are still presenting each new, depraved revelation as if it were an infant water-nymph on a lily pad, a thing of wonder they’d never seen before.

Because there are no real relationships portrayed. In the Scorcese-DiCaprio Wolf world there is no Maria Schneider who, as Kael memorably wrote of the actor in Last Tango, portrayed “the whole history of movie passion.” There is only the asymmetrical frame of women bought and sold, and used as props. “One hour of that boorishness would be more than enough; by the end of the second, you might be wondering if anyone, including Scorsese, is ever going to call these guys on their self-absorbed idiocy,” writes Zacharek.

In labeling Wolf as the “year’s most misogynist blockbuster,” a charge that holds up, I think, Bustle’s Erin Landau notes that the male fantasy created by Scorcese and portrayed with gusto by DiCaprio is never leavened with judgment,or even mild disapproval:

The amount of nudity and sex scenes force the women of Wolf of Wall Street into categories, stereotyping them instead of creating thoughtful and dynamic characters that are allowed to break out of their spheres to truly influence the tide of the film. Yet perhaps the most disturbing aspect of this distinct lack of strong female characters is the fact that no one seems to have cared enough to stop laughing and start thinking. In the theater, people clapped and cheered for Belfort’s debauchery, never pausing to really notice the women he used and abused along the way.

Here’s the thing: Wolf is so long, so pushy, so approving of the behavior on the screen, that it becomes numbing—and you can’t help but believe that both Scorsese and DiCaprio believed on some elemental level that it was actually worth portraying so endlessly. Said David Denby in The New Yorker,

Scorsese mounts the filthy, piggish behavior on such a grand scale that mere moral disapproval might seem squeamish, unimaginative, frightened. Most of us, after all, wouldn’t dare screw up as badly as Jordan Belfort. The movie has a bullying tone, and you have to come back at it. All right, then: I myself am not squeamish, and I’ve done my own share of screwing up financially, and yet I found plenty of room in my heart for disgust, and even for boredom. Wolf is delivered, almost all the way through, at the same pitch of extreme aggression. It’s relentless, deafening, deadening and, finally, unilluminating.

Especially in terms of gender. Wolf’s traders are rank misogynists, bullying homophobes, extroverted sexists, violent buyers and sellers of human favors. “Has he made a movie that, on some level, is an apologia for the Jordan Belforts of the world because, deep down, and maybe more than he can admit, Scorsese admires their amoral macho recklessness?” asks Owen Gleiberman in Entertainment Weekly.

As Denby says,

Naked blondes keep showing up. The point, of course, is that the men who sling them around are pigs, but Scorsese doesn’t get anything out of the actresses. They’re just bodies, and he’s using them, too. Everything is pushed to the edge of mania and disintegration.

The Bechdel Test forces media through a cultural prism that insists on placing some value on women as actual human beings. A simple measure for cultural sexism, the test is simple and easy to pass: It requires only that two women speak to each other about something other than a man. The Wolf of Wall Street fails spectacularly, as blogger Leora Falk writes: “Women are almost all objectified, evaluated for their beauty and willingness to sell sex.”

This is a film that celebrates the selling of people. It revels in their powerlessness. “The viewer’s perspective is Belfort’s perspective and so these actors and characters get exploited in the exact same way as their real life counterparts. Actresses are paid to appear naked on screen and to become sexual objects to be consumed by the audience,” says Neon Tommy’s Jack Flynn.

And Jordan Belfort approves. “He seemed to be very pleased,” kvelled Scorcese, the proud papa. As does Leonardo DiCaprio, would-be Best Actor and public endorser of Belfort’s business.

For the Academy Awards to lionize DiCaprio and the film’s slack-jawed frat boy approval of sexual victimization, trafficking and endemic misogyny would send a clear message to American women: You are objects, not people.


Photo courtesy of Flickr user god visual communication systems licensed under Creative Commons 2.o

Tom Watson


Veteran journalist Tom Watson is a consultant working in nonprofit and progressive causes, and an adjunct instructor in the master’s program at New York University.


  1. It’s just a movie. If you care about women’s rights make a difference in the real world. The Academy Awards are for entertainment, not for social value. I don’t think we should give the Academy voters the illusion of so much power of influence in our lives or on our society.

  2. Omg it’s a freaking movie! And it was an awesome movie at that!

    For those moralizing about how it portrays women (and ignores the protagonist’s other victims) – please get over yourselves.

    This movie brings to the screen in all its extreme glory, the horror of what the “American Dream” has become.
    The pursuit of money for money’s sake, extreme greed, money as the sole indicator of your level of success is what motivates Belfort (DiCaprio). His descent into materialism, conspicuous consumption, escalating depravity, substance abuse and immorality is captured brilliantly by Scorsese. As Belfort’s character develops he morphs from a likable hard-working guy trying to get a break to achieve “more” in his life to a filthy, callous egomaniac whose drug of choice is “more” – more women, more sex, more deals, more stuff, more money. He truly epitomizes the worst that “success” can embody. For me, the work ethic showcased as his story begins was laudable and worthy of respect. The loss of ethics as he callously disregards his victims and the people around him – abusing women and men alike in the pursuit of the almighty dollar while building his empire is equally impressive although horrifying. I was glued to the screen watching in fascinated disbelief as he fell into florid debauchery each scene growing more disturbing as he achieved what he idolized – filthy, obscene, vulgar wealth.

    Scorsese highlights the outlandish life of Belfort – the drugs, sex, abusive treatment of women, careless disregard for the people around him and lack of concern for his financial victims was for a purpose.

    This man stole hundreds of millions of dollars from people and did 22 months. After which time he became a motivational speaker. He achieved what many people epitomize as the American Dream- excessive wealth- at least for a while.

    And really – what were his consequences? Far less that his crimes.
    Is this what we want to be teaching the next generation? Americans are the most conspicuous consumers on the planet. We idolize wealth, fame, “success”. Kids who work hard and do the right things are mocked and bullied. If you are famous a different set of rules applies to you. Drugs, sex and partying are glorified on TV, in music and on social media.
    Scorsese’s Wolf tells us the story of what happens when people lose their moral compass. It highlights the destruction wrought by drugs, alcohol, indulgence and disregard for human dignity and rights.
    Belfort’s story is not one of success it is warning to all of us about what unchecked greed and loss of ethics can bring. And to me it is a big eyeopener – what do we value, what should we value, and how do we move from where we are going in this country to where we want to be going?
    I honestly think this was one of the best movies I have ever seen. Martin Scorsese and an outstanding cast delivered an adrenaline pumping, fascinating, at times comedic horror story of what unfettered greed, self-indulgence and American excess brings.

  3. This article is so fatuous that at first I thought it was meant satirically.

    So Martin Scorcese[sic] and Leonardo DiCaprio are Very Bad Men because they made/acted in a movie about a sleazy character. Tom Watson wants everyone to believe that because Scorsese finds such a jackass of a character fascinating then that means Scorsese endorses the main character’s obnoxious behavior. If this is not meant in jest, but is meant to be taken seriously then it would be highest form of flattery to call this article moronic.

    If making a movie about a character who is a complete bastard , yet an interesting character (or playing the bastard on screen), is tantamount to endorsing the bastard’s behavior then Shakespeare must have condoned suicide (Romeo & Juliet) and the murder on one’s own nephews (Richard III), Anthony Hopkins must be a supporter of murder and cannibalism (Silence of the Lambs), and George Lucas must endorse cutting up grade schoolers and choking pregnant wives (Revenge of the Sith).

    Needless to say, Tom Watson’s powers of deductive reasoning are uh, limited.

  4. As a feminist, I have heard these complaints, and they are important for me to listen to. However, in my opinion (fyi–I am getting a Ph.D. in English with a focus in feminist theory), I completely disagree with this assessment. I think the reason women are objectified in this movie is because they were objectified in that culture. It’s *supposed* to make us uncomfortable. And I think any claims that the film makes Belfort out to be some sort of antihero are totally misguided: by the end of the film, when he is beating his own wife and kidnapping his own child, I don’t know how you could find Belfort anything but despicable. I do understand that some argue that the film unintentionally celebrates him and want a clearer picture of right and wrong. But that’s precisely Scorsese’s point: he was a horrible human being and only spent three years in prison for all he did. We want him to be clearly and overtly punished and condemned precisely because we know that’s not how it works in real life.

    I do admit, however, that Scorsese and DiCaprio are a bit blind to their male privilege. I do think the film could’ve worked just as well with less female nudity, and they could’ve perhaps more fully developed interesting female characters, such as Belfort’s first wife. Overall, it does raise an interesting question about how a film can depict a misogynist culture without participating in it. I know The Social Network–also a movie I loved–faced similar criticisms about its depiction of women. But it is a total misreading of The Wolf of Wall Street to say it celebrates misogyny. It is portraying a character who is a misogynist, and, to me, it’s quite clear that the film condemns him.

    P.S. Let’s start talking about an Oscar nominee that I actually found misogynistic: American Hustle. David O. Russell creates these over-the-top caricatures of gendered hysteria and then gets praised for his depictions of women, and it drives me crazy. Let’s be real: Silver Linings Playbook is about a middle-aged man who just happens to find a young nympho who’s obsessed with him even though he treats her like complete shit. Also, let’s talk about the Jennifer Lawrence character in American Hustle. She’s presented as a comical fool, but she’s based on a real woman who committed suicide two years after the events of the film. Russell took a real woman who was suffering from a mental disability and reduced her to an over-the-top clown to add laughs to his film. And I am not okay with that.

  5. Kathleen says:

    All the people defending this movie need a dose of reality. The behavior of Belfort was absolutely glorified in the movie. Do you know what those speeches that Belfort gave that Leo DiCaprio hailed (all starry-eyed) were called? “The Secret to My Success.” What a load of horseshite. If you want to know the real secret to Jordan Belfort’s success, look no further than the comment section here and every media head that defended this nonsense. The secret to Belfort’s success is that, instead of still being in prison for his heinous crimes, we as a culture sit around celebrating this man’s nerve and make him famous (a “motivational speaker”), rather than infamous as a criminal. We just love how “edgy” his story is, how great a movie his life makes. The secret to the success of people like Belfort, is that irresponsible financial betting and speculation, as well as sexist and dehumanizing behavior, are all glorified by our frat boy, white good ol’ boys club, circle jerk.

  6. Great article. Many of the negative comments on here forget that the moment in time something is produced is a relevant factor in critiquing it. We as a society are certainly not far enough evolved on the rights of women to be able to ‘look back, disgusted’ at this film, therefore it can’t be said to be ‘just depicting what happened’.

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