Last updated: Aug. 1, 2022 at 11:10 a.m. PT.
In the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court’s June 24 ruling overturning Roe v. Wade, state lawmakers are now free to craft their own abortion regulations, subject only to each state constitution—meaning state-level litigation and legislation has become the new frontlines for reproductive rights and access.
As a result, abortion laws are changing daily, as legislatures across the U.S. pass new protections or strip away existing ones. Governors are signing executive orders to protect reproductive freedom or calling special legislative sessions and urging their colleagues to gut protections. Judges are placing injunctions or lifting them.
We are keeping track of the changing landscape, and will continue to update this piece as state policies continue to morph and change.
Resources on how to find an abortion or access legal and medical support are linked at the bottom of this article.
June 24, 2022: A 2019 law went into effect after a U.S. district judge lifted an injunction following the Supreme Court decision. The so-called Human Life Protection Act bans all abortion, with the sole exception of pregnancies that pose a direct threat to the pregnant person.
It is unclear what the state considers a medically necessary abortion. Performing an abortion is now a Class A felony punishable by up to 99 years in prison, and state officials are arguing that those who assist abortion seekers reach another state be charged with conspiracy. The attorney general’s office is examining whether the law prohibits the latter.
June 24, 2022: Abortion services are still protected under the state’s privacy clause and state supreme court rulings. However, Gov. Mike Dunleavy (R) has called for a constitutional amendment to remove protections for abortion. The decision is left to Alaskan voters, who in November will decide whether to call a constitutional convention. In 2019, 63 percent of Alaskans supported abortion.
Arizona: Legal, Under Review
July 11, 2022: A federal judge blocked the state’s 2021 ban, set to take effect on Sept. 23. Attorney General Mark Brnovich again asked a court to let the separate, pre-statehood ban take effect, which would ban abortion entirely.
June 29, 2022: AG Brnovich is filing for the removal of an injunction against a pre-statehood law that bans all abortions and jails anyone helping a woman receive an abortion for two to five years. There is an exception if the pregnant person’s life is at risk. Some officials claim the law, first drafted during the Civil War, is already in effect.
Regardless of the status of the pre-statehood ban, a new 2021 law will take effect on Sept. 23, 2022—90 days after the legislature adjourns. The law bans abortion at 15 weeks and subjects doctors to felony charges for performing an abortion. Gov. Doug Ducey (R) has argued the 2021 law overrules the total ban of the pre-statehood law, but that is not explicit in the language. The injunction will almost definitely be overturned, and then it will be up to the courts and the legislature to decide what law is enforced.
Rachel Mitchell, the top attorney in Maricopa County, the most populous county in the state, says she will not prosecute abortions in cases of rape or incest victims.
June 24, 2022: A trigger ban went into effect that prohibits abortion with an exception if the pregnant person’s life is at risk.
June 27, 2022: Through an executive order, California now protects abortion seekers and providers from extradition, and prevents information, including medical records, from being shared with other states seeking to prosecute abortion seekers or providers.
The legislature passed a constitutional amendment that would make explicit the right to abortion and contraceptives if OK-ed by voters in November.
April 4, 2022: Gov. Jared Polis (D) signed into law the Reproductive Health Equity Act, establishing as fundamental the rights to use contraceptives and the right to have an abortion. It prohibits discrimination or retaliation against abortion seekers.
April 29, 2022: The legislature passed a bill that establishes Connecticut as a legal safe haven for abortion seekers and providers. It also grants permission to advanced-practice clinicians to perform abortions via suction.
June 29, 2022: The state enacted legislation that grants permission to physician assistants, certified nurse practitioners and nurse midwives to perform abortions, and protects abortion seekers and providers from civil suits in other states, as well as extradition.
Florida: Banned After 15 Weeks
July 5, 2022: The state appealed an appellate court’s decision that the 15-week abortion ban was unconstitutional under the state Constitution’s privacy protection. The appeal automatically put the law back into effect pending further judicial review.
April 14, 2022: Gov. Ron DeSantis (R) signed a law enacting a 15-week abortion ban. The sole exceptions are in cases where the pregnancy poses a serious risk to the pregnant person, or where a fatal fetal anomaly is detected. The ban went into effect on July 1.
Georgia: Banned After Six Weeks
July 20. 2022: A federal appeals court allowed the state’s ban to go into effect, and quickly issued a second opinion allowing the law to go into effect immediately rather than after the standard 28 days.
June 24, 2022: A 2019 law banning abortion at the detection of a “fetal heartbeat,” typically found at six weeks, had been held in courts until the Dobbs decision was announced. Now, it will almost definitely go into effect. The ban includes exceptions in cases of rape, incest and if the pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person. It also grants personhood to fetuses.
June 26, 2022: Gov. David Ige (D) affirmed that abortion seekers will continue to have access to abortion and that he will fight to ensure that right remains protected.
Idaho: Trigger Ban Effective Mid-August
June 24, 2022: A 2020 law will go into effect as early as August 18 that will ban abortion except for cases of rape, incest or if the pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person. Patients will have to show police documentation to prove rape or incest.
The state Supreme Court will hear arguments against the ban on Aug. 3. There are also two laws from the early 1970s that make aiding in providing abortion services or distributing information about how to induce an abortion a felony. It is unclear whether these laws will be enforced.
June 24, 2022: The state is preparing for an influx of patients from out of state, as all neighboring states now ban or are preparing to ban abortion. Planned Parenthood estimates more than 30,000 additional patients could travel to Illinois in the next year. Gov. J. B. Pritzker (D) has announced plans to call a special session to strengthen abortion rights, likely at the end of the summer.
June 24, 2022: Abortion is still legal for up to 22 weeks, with some medical exemptions after 22 weeks. There is a mandatory 18-hour waiting period, and doctors must tell patients fetuses can feel pain at 20 weeks, and that they can reverse their abortion. (Both claims are unsupported by science.)
Gov. Eric Holcomb (R) has announced plans to pass more restrictive abortion laws in a special legislative session that began July 6.
July 5, 2022: A 24-hour waiting period law will likely be reinstated by a district court after the state Supreme Court refused to hear the case. Gov. Kim Reynolds (R) is also asking the court to reinstate a six-week “heartbeat” ban. (The term “fetal heartbeat” at that stage is false and intentionally misleading.) The legislature will likely enact more restrictive bans in their next session. As of now, abortion remains legal.
June 17, 2022: The state Supreme Court ruled the state’s Constitution does not protect the right to abortion.
June 24, 2022: During the state’s primary election in August, voters will also decide if a constitutional amendment stripping the right to abortion will be instituted. Voter turnout in the state for primaries usually equates to about half of the amount of voters that show up for the general election. In 2019, the state was divided 49-49 on abortion rights. Currently, abortions are legal for up to 22 weeks.
Kentucky: Legal, Under Review
July 22, 2022: A court issued a preliminary injunction against the state’s three abortion bans, providing longer term relief than the June 30 temporary restraining order. Abortions will remain legal until the lawsuits are settled.
July 4, 2022: The state Supreme Court refused to overturn a temporary restraining order blocking the state’s near-total ban. Abortions are allowed to continue temporarily.
June 30, 2022: A circuit court judge has placed a temporary restraining order on the state’s ban in response to a lawsuit from Planned Parenthood and EMW Women’s Surgical Center. Abortions were allowed to temporarily resume on July 1.
June 24, 2022: Trigger bans went into immediate effect. The law bans all abortions except in cases when the pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person. Performing an abortion is now a Class D felony. The law also defines fetuses and embryos as “unborn human beings.” (The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Dobbs also repeatedly referenced the “unborn”—23 times, to be exact.)
Louisiana: Legal, Under Review
July 21, 2022: A court issued a preliminary injunction against the state’s three abortion bans, providing longer term relief than the July 12 temporary restraining order. Abortions will remain legal until the lawsuits are settled.
July 12, 2022: A court blocked the states trigger bans once again, allowing abortion services to resume after they were forced to stop last week.
July 8, 2022: A district court judge lifted a previous court decision, and allowed abortion bans to go into effect.
July 7, 2022: The state Supreme Court refused to overturn the district court’s temporary injunction. Abortion remains legal as the case is heard.
June 27, 2022: A district court judge temporarily blocked the state’s trigger ban in response to a lawsuit by abortion providers arguing the law is “constitutionally vague.” Abortion providers in their affidavits also expressed fear that doctors would not perform living-saving abortions for fear of prosecution.
June 21, 2022: Gov. John Bel Edwards (D) signed into law a bill that bans all abortions unless the pregnancy poses a risk to the life of the pregnant person, is medically futile, or ectopic. Patients would have to meet numerous new medical requirements to prove they were in medical need of an abortion. It also increases the maximum jail time for abortion providers to 15 years.
Nov. 4, 2020: Voters passed a ballot initiative that made clear there was no constitutional right to abortion in the state.
July 5, 2022: Gov. Janet Mills (D) signed an executive order prohibiting state agencies from cooperating with other states’ investigations into abortion seekers and providers.
June 10, 2019: Mills signed into law a bill that allows nurse practitioners, physician assistants and certified nurse-midwives to perform medication and in-clinic abortions. Abortion is already protected under a 1993 law.
July 1, 2022: A law went into effect that allowed nurse practitioners, physician assistants and nurse midwives to perform abortions. It also requires insurance companies to cover abortions. The state passed the law partly in preparation for an expected influx of out-of-state patients.
July 29, 2022: Gov. Charlie Baker (R) signed an abortion access package into law. The ROE Act includes protections for reproductive and gender affirming care providers, a requirement that insurance covers abortion and a requirement that public colleges provide medication abortion.
June 26, 2022: The House passed a bill that recognizes reproductive care and gender-affirming care as rights. It also bans civil action by individuals in other states against abortion seekers or providers, in response to Texas’ abortion ban. It prohibits extradition to another state on reproductive-health-related charges and protects providers’ licenses. The bill awaits Senate approval.
June 24, 2022: Gov. Baker signed an executive order barring state officials and agencies from complying with extradition requests related to reproductive healthcare charges, protecting healthcare providers’ licenses, as well as shielding them from other professional discipline.
Aug. 1, 2022: An appellate court ruled that county prosectors are allowed to prosecute the state’s ban. This ruling makes the total ban enforceable in the entire state. The sole exception to the 1931 ban is in cases where the life of the pregnant person is at risk.
July 5, 2022: Attorney General Dana Nessel announced she would let local prosecutors enforce the ban if the injunction was overturned. Two county prosecutors have said they would pursue prosecution.
May 17, 2022: A state judge blocked the 1931 abortion ban.
April 7, 2022: Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) filed a lawsuit asking the state Supreme Court to recognize abortion as a fundamental right under the state’s due process clause, and to block the enforcement of the 1931 abortion ban.
Jan. 7, 2022: A ballot initiative will let voters decide if the state Constitution should be amended to explicitly affirm the fundamental right to reproductive freedom. The ballot is still collecting signatures, and if cleared it will be decided in the November elections.
July 11, 2022: A state district court permanently blocked several abortion restrictions, including: a ban on qualified advance-practice clinicians providing abortion care, a mandatory 24 hour waiting period, a parental notification rule, a requirement forcing abortion providers to give irrelevant and misleading information to their patients and regulations that subject abortion providers to felony criminal penalties for minor regulatory infractions.
June 24, 2022: Abortion is still protected under a 1995 state Supreme Court decision. The state has a 24-hour waiting period and requires parental notification for minors.
July 7, 2022: The state’s trigger ban went into effect.
July 5, 2022: A state judge declined to block the near-total abortion trigger ban. The only exceptions to the ban are for rape, incest, and to save the life of the pregnant person.
June 24, 2022: A trigger ban went into effect minutes after the Supreme Court decision was released. The sole exception is for cases where the pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person.
June 24, 2022: Abortion is still protected under a 1999 state Supreme Court decision. Attorney General Austin Knudsen is asking the court to overturn said precedent.
June 29, 2022: Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) announced he would sign legislation banning abortion with exceptions in cases where pregnancy poses a risk to the pregnant person’s life, should the legislature pass such a bill. Ricketts has toyed with the idea of calling a special legislative session to pass such a bill.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal for up to 20 weeks.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal up to 24 weeks through a 1990 referendum, and can only be altered through another referendum.
New Hampshire: Legal
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal until 24 weeks through legislation attached to last year’s budget. Abortions past 24 weeks are legal in cases of fetal anomalies and when the pregnant person’s health is at risk. Minors must notify their guardian at least 48 hours before having an abortion.
New Jersey: Protected
July 1, 2022: Gov. Phil Murphy (D) signed two bills into law that will offer further protection for abortion patients and providers.
- The first law protects the information of patients from out of state by banning the disclosure of their reproductive-health-related medical records without their consent and bans public employees from cooperating with out-of-state investigations relating to reproductive healthcare. It also protects medical professionals from losing their licenses for providing reproductive care.
- The second bill prevents the extradition of patients or providers.
New Mexico: Protected
June 27, 2022: Gov. Michelle Grisham (D) signed an executive order furthering protections for abortion seekers and providers. It prevents state employees from cooperating in investigations from out-of-state, protects medical professionals’ licenses, and prohibits extradition.
New York: Protected
July 1, 2022: The legislature approved a proposal to make explicit the fundamental right to abortion in the state’s Constitution. The amendment must pass the legislature again next year. Then New York voters would decide the fate of the proposal the following year.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal until 24 weeks under the state’s Reproductive Health Act of 2019. Also under this act, insurance must cover abortion.
June 13, 2022: Gov. Kathy Hochul signed legislation that will prevent state employees from sharing information with states pursuing the prosecution of abortion seekers or providers, and prohibits the extradition of abortion providers.
North Carolina: Protected
July 6, 2022: Gov. Ray Cooper (D) issued an executive order that prohibits the extradition of abortion seekers or providers, and prohibits state employees from cooperating with out-of-state investigations relating to reproductive health. It also directs the Department of Public Safety to work with law enforcement to enforce a state law that prohibits the blocking of healthcare entrances.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal for up to 20 weeks. There are many restrictions on access. Patients must receive counseling, an ultrasound and wait 72 hours. Additionally, parental consent is required for minors and the state has in place several TRAP laws that make operating clinics harder and more expensive. Cooper has promised to veto any anti-abortion laws.
North Dakota: Trigger Ban Effective Aug. 24
July 27, 2022: A district judge has granted a temporary restraining order against the state’s trigger ban. The ban will go into effect on Aug. 26.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal in the state until July 28, at which point a 2007 trigger ban will go into effect. The ban will make it a felony to perform an abortion, and has exceptions in cases of rape, incest, and if the pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person.
Ohio: Banned After Six Weeks
July 1, 2022: The state Supreme Court refused to block Ohio’s abortion ban. The lawsuit is still ongoing, but the ban continues to be enforced.
June 24, 2022: A federal judge lifted an injunction on a 2019 law that bans all abortion at the detection of a fetal “heartbeat” which is usually at six weeks. There is an exception if the pregnancy poses a threat to the life of the pregnant person.
April 12, 2022: Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) signed a bill into law that bans all abortions except in cases in which the pregnancy poses a threat to the life of the pregnant person, and in cases of rape or incest that have been reported to the police. The ban is enforced via civil lawsuits, similar to the infamous bounty hunter law in effect in Texas since September 2021.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal at all stages of pregnancy thanks to the 2017 Reproductive Health Equity Act which codified the right to perform and receive abortions.
July 8, 2022: The legislature passed a bill authorizing a statewide vote to eliminate the right to abortion from the state constitution. Senate Republicans added the measure to an unrelated bill. The bill will need another round of legislative approval before it goes to a state-wide vote.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal up to 24 weeks. The state requires counseling, a 24-hour waiting period and parental consent. Additionally, the state has in place several TRAP laws that make operating clinics harder and more expensive.
May 3, 2022: Gov. Tom Wolf (D) has promised to veto any anti-abortion legislation.
Rhode Island: Protected
July 5, 2022: Gov. Daniel McKee (D) signed an executive order that protects abortion seekers and providers from extradition, prohibits state agencies from cooperating with other states’ investigations into abortion seekers and providers and protects healthcare professionals’ licenses and from other professional discipline.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal up to 24 weeks, and is protected by the Reproductive Privacy Act of 2019.
South Carolina: Banned After Six Weeks
July 13, 2022: Abortion providers, including Planned Parenthood, filed a lawsuit to block a six-week abortion ban. The lawsuit argues that the ban violates the South Carolina constitution.
June 28, 2022: Lawmakers announced they were working on a near-total ban. The sole exception would be in cases in which an abortion was necessary to save the life of the pregnant person. The ban would also prohibit the dissemination of information that will likely lead to a woman getting an abortion and the manufacture and sale of abortion medication. The legislature is Republican-controlled, so the ban will likely pass in the coming weeks.
June 27, 2022: A circuit court judge removed her injunction against a 2021ban. The law will now go into effect. It prohibits abortion after six weeks, with exceptions for rape, incest, and to save the life of the pregnant person.
South Dakota: Banned
June 24, 2022: A trigger law went into effect that bans all abortions except in cases where pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person.
Tennessee: Banned at Six Weeks
June 28, 2022: A circuit court overturned an injunction allowing a 2020 law banning abortion at detection of a fetal “heartbeat,” usually at six weeks, to go into effect. The sole exception exists in cases where pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person.
June 24, 2022: The Dobbs decision started a countdown on the state’s trigger ban. The near-total ban is expected to go into effect in mid-August. It allows for medically necessary abortions in cases when the pregnant person’s life is at stake, although the language is unusual.
July 1, 2022: The state Supreme Court overturned the restraining order and allowed the pre-Roe ban to go into effect, banning all abortion within the state.
June 28, 2022: A judge granted a temporary restraining order blocking the state’s 1925 pre-Roe ban from going into effect. Abortion remains illegal after six weeks.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains illegal after six weeks in accordance with the state’s 2021 law, enforced through civil suits. The Supreme Court decision started a countdown for the state’s trigger law. The near-total ban is expected to go into effect in mid-August
Utah: Banned at 18 Weeks, Total Ban Under Review
July 11, 2022: A court issued a preliminary injunction against the state’s trigger ban. The ban will continue to be blocked while litigation continues.
June 27, 2022: A judge granted a temporary restraining order blocking the state’s trigger ban. The restraining order will expire on July 11. Until then, an 18-week ban is in place.
June 24, 2022: A trigger law went into effect that bans all abortions except in cases of rape, incest, some fetal anomalies and when a pregnancy poses a life-threatening risk to the pregnant person. The law makes performing an abortion a class-d felony punishable by up to 15 years in prison.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal in the state under a 2019 law that affirmed the fundamental right to reproductive healthcare. Vermonters will vote on a proposal to amend the state Constitution to protect abortion in November.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal until 26 weeks. Gov. Glenn Youngkin (R) is seeking a 15-week ban, but such a ban is unlikely to pass the Democrat-controlled Senate.
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal until viability, and is protected by law. State Democrats seek to enshrine the right to reproductive healthcare within the state Constitution.
Washington, D.C.: Protected
June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal through all stages of pregnancy and reproductive healthcare workers are protected by a 2017 amendment to the district’s Human Rights Act. A 2020 amendment recognized the right to choose to use contraceptives or have an abortion. The district remains vulnerable, as the federal government oversees its laws and budgets.
West Virginia: Legal, Under Review
July 18, 2022: A circuit court temporarily blocked the state’s 150 year old abortion ban, allowing abortions to once again be preformed.
June 24, 2022: A pre-Roe ban went into effect that prohibits abortion with an exception if the pregnant person’s life is at risk. Abortion providers would face felony charges and up to 10 years in prison.
June 26, 2022: Gov. Tony Evers (D) has promised to offer medical professionals clemency if they are prosecuted for performing abortions. Attorney General Josh Kaul has also promised not to enforce the ban.
June 24, 2022: A pre-Roe ban went into effect that prohibits abortion with an exception if the pregnant person’s life is at risk.
June 22, 2022: Democratic Gov. Evers called a special legislative session to repeal the state’s pre-Roe ban ahead of the Dobbs decision. The Republican-controlled legislature immediately closed the session.
Wyoming: Legal, Under Review
July 27, 2022: The state’s trigger ban went into effect, but was promptly blocked.
June 24, 2022: A trigger ban passed this year will go into effect as soon Gov. Mark Gordon (R) certifies the ruling, which he is expected to do in the coming weeks. The ban prohibits abortion with exceptions for rape, incest, and if the pregnant person’s life is at risk.
How to Find an Abortion, Medical or Legal Support
Those seeking an abortion:
- AbortionFinder: Available in English and Spanish, this site provides a list of trusted and verified abortion care and support. No search or user data is saved.
- INeedAnA.com: where and how to get an abortion in a clinic; no search or user data is saved.
- Aid Access: all about receiving medication abortion by mail.
- Practical Support Organizations (PSOs) Directory: This directory can identify a PSO nearby, for travel and logistical support for those traveling for abortion care.
In case of medical or legal complications:
- M+A Hotline: A secure phone and text hotline for people in need of support for self-managed miscarriage or abortion.
- Repro Legal Helpline: a free, confidential source for legal advice and information on self-managed abortion, run by If/When/How. Visit ReproLegalHelpline.org or call 844-868-2812.
- If/When/How Repro Legal Defense Fund: a legal fund that covers bail and funds strong defenses for people who are investigated, arrested, or prosecuted for self-managed abortion.
Sign and share Ms.’s relaunched “We Have Had Abortions” petition—whether you yourself have had an abortion, or simply stand in solidarity with those who have—to let the Supreme Court, Congress and the White House know: We will not give up the right to safe, legal, accessible abortion.