Dating While Feminist: An Interview with Samhita Mukhopadhyay

Samhita Mukhopadhyay is the executive editor of, one of the largest feminist or social justice blogs. Her new book, Outdated: Why Dating is Ruining Your Love Life (Seal Press) questions the traditional relationship advice so often aimed at young people. Unlike other dating manuals, her book doesn’t assume you’re straight, white, cisgendered, middle-class or looking to get married. Ms. talked with Mukhopadhay about relating while dating–and why feminism is so critical to a progressive dating practice.

Ms. Blog: What led you to write a book about dating?

Samhita Mukhopadhyay: At Feministing, I’ve focused a lot on race, class, gender and sexuality from the perspective of activism, but not as much from the perspective of pop culture. I became interested in mainstream media depictions of women and how those depictions impact our lives and our feelings about ourselves. I saw this huge hole in the dating advice industry: I was shocked that no one had written an intervention to the antiquated sexist ideas peddled by mainstream dating books.

Speaking of antiquated ideas, did you read Kate Bolick’s “All The Single Ladies” piece in the November 2011 issue of The Atlantic?  I was disheartened to see such a prominent feature article promoting the same tired ideas: that women are all straight, desperate to get hitched, and only interested in men who have more social clout and make more money. Why hasn’t feminism been able to undo these damaging ideas?

First of all, I think people have so bought into the romantic fairy-tale story that deviating from it is almost impossible to imagine. What I talk about in my book is that we don’t have an alternative romantic story. The only language we have to describe our romantic relationships is either “couples” or “sad single people.” And I think the analysis in these pieces is lazy. These writers aren’t thinking enough about how the world is changing and how gender roles have shifted. You can either harp on the idea that men aren’t men anymore and that women are too independent, or you can acknowledge that the world has changed and that we need to focus on what will make us happy in our lives.

Her argument seems to boil down to Lori Gottlieb’s: Women who don’t marry early on are doomed to be single if they wait.  How can feminists counteract that message?

First of all, that is statistically not true.  Most people who get married in their 20s are divorced by their 40s [laughs]. For the small percentage of people who marry in their 20s and stay married into their 80s, marrying young is great. But for most people, that’s just not the reality anymore. We move in and out of relationships throughout our lives. Most people need to learn to deal with both being in a relationship and being single.

In your book, you coin the term “romantic industrial complex.” Can you talk a little about what that means?

It’s borrowed from Chrys Ingraham’s idea of the “wedding industrial complex.” It’s looking at romance not as a feeling or a natural thing that happens interpersonally, but an experience influenced by a whole system of industries that collude to form a specific romantic experience. Everything from the perfect first date, to having to look a certain way, to romantic getaways, to flowers, to chocolates, to greeting cards. Even to things that you wouldn’t think were related, like bikini waxes. And then [part of the romantic industrial complex is] the wedding industrial complex: bachelorette parties, destination weddings. The romantic industrial complex is all of these things working in tandem.

How does the idea of community transform the culturally dictated need for a romantic partner?

I think when we examine how we think of relationships vs community, it opens up an alternative space where we can create supportive communities that don’t rely on couples.

Do you think any of the traditional advice from self-help books is helpful for folks? 

Yes, I think a lot of the mainstream books I surveyed had kernels of truth to them, but what I found problematic was the framing and the reliance on essential gender differences. He’s Just Not That Into You is right in telling women that if a dude is giving you the run around, you should probably let him go. But the focus is on whether he is “into you” or not, when it should be on whether or not he meets your needs. I.e., do you even want to date someone who can’t call you back or doesn’t respect your time enough to give you a straight answer? Most likely, no.

The most radical approach to love is not having an approach, but instead a solid recognition of exactly what you want for yourself. Feminism can help you decipher the difference between something you want and something that is expected of you, which is an invaluable exercise not just in dating, but in life. It’s not always easy, but ultimately will make you happier if you do end up in a relationship because you are more likely to enter it on your own terms.

What future projects do you have on your plate?

Promoting this book for at least the next year! And some speaking, Feministing and some other writing. And I am really interested in the idea of being sustainable in the work that we do as feminists, activists and writers. I am going to be focusing on health and healing; how to make our work helpful and impactful while also making sure we get enough sleep.  



  1. beautifulthingfromthenorth says:

    Thank your for telling us about this SO buying this book. Although I do know of one single dating guide that incorpates same sex relationships, its Wood Nymph Meets Centaur- A Mythical Dating Guide by Francesca Lia Block. 🙂

    This is the ONLY dating guide I would EVER buy.

  2. beautifulthingfromthenorth says:

    Well this and Francesca’s. Both are cool.

  3. Hi guys! I’m really looking forward to the new book, and I love Samhita’s work, but I just have to say–did you guys actually read that Atlantic article? It was totally saying the same thing that Samhita is, presenting an alternative to the fairy tale relationship Samhita talks about. What was especially wonderful to me was the way Kate Bolick showed how obsessed we are with marriage that it becomes The Relationship, and how complex and wonderful and fulfilling so many other relationships can be, along with a bunch of other really great points about how, as women gain more power in society marriages can be more equal. It would have been nice to see more of a discussion of same-sex marriage in the article, but I think the whole point was to challenge the dominant narrative we hear so much in society about how women can only be fulfilled when they’re married. I found it liberating!

    • Yes, but there was a lot of “oh noes, the end of men” in it too, this article’s summary of it was quite accurate. And seriously, women in countries with high male-to-female ratios being “valued” for their “traditional roles”? If they were so “valued” in those societies there would be more women (no female infanticide if women are valued) and more freedom for those women; and when you think about it, women’s “traditional role” leaves you almost completely dependent on someone else for survival, and that gives them power over you whether you/they realise it or not…so if she was right then it is probably valued by these patriarchal societies because of the power a husband will get if his wife follows this role and so becomes dependent on him (in other words, because it perpetuates the hierarchy).

  4. I wrote a post in June of last year calling women “the opiate of Man”.… It sounds like the romantic-industrial complex is a similar idea.

  5. As a feminist mother, I totally agree that the romantic industrial complex needs to be exposed and opposed, and we need to imagine and create new models. I heard Sumhita speak in plenary at Women’s Worlds 2011 in July. Here is the link to the video: She eloquently addresses a broader range of topics.

  6. Both Calling in the One and the Feminine Power programs with Katherine Thomas and Claire Zammit are highly recommended. I found their philosophies similar to and possibly based on the Landmark Forum – all transformative.

  7. Being a “lesbian by default”, that is being a bi woman in a committed relationship with another bi woman, it’s refreshing to read something that for the first time does not assume all bi women are insatiable sluts who cannot be trusted or form lasting relationships! It’s also WONDERFUL to read a work that does not assume that everyone is straight!!! What a breath of fresh air! Thankyouthankyouthankyou!

  8. From the interview:

    “The most radical approach to love is not having an approach, but instead a solid recognition of exactly what you want for yourself. Feminism can help you decipher the difference between something you want and something that is expected of you, which is an invaluable exercise not just in dating, but in life.”

    I completely agree with this statement. Very well stated!

    But the title of the book implies that dating itself is the problem (it’s “ruining your love life”). Huh? That doesn’t seem to match the statement above.

    So, who came up with this title for the book? And why? I guess I just don’t understand book marketing.

  9. I like the way you described how media influence women today in managing dating. It’s intriguing. Thank you for sharing your insight.

  10. “Most people who get married in their 20s are divorced by their 40s”

    Ding ding ding! This is the takeaway lots of my friends have been following. It seems that the younger generations (like the sub 25 crowd) are now marrying later and later. And it seems people are just as happy prolonging their single lives.

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