“There are over four million women in the United States who can vote. One-sixth of the Electoral Vote is cast in States where women have the vote.” Burns is not willing to accept the usual explanations for delay: “Every session of Congress, it appears, is ‘the busiest in history.’ The time for us to get action is now.”
“Effectively, what has happened is that our status as a minority group in the work force has not been reaffirmed. We’ve been excluded from the benefits of Order Four [which deals with affirmative action programs] especially when it covers recruitment. Directives concerning equal employment have been watered down, wording changed from ‘must’ to ‘should.’ There seems to be a lack of interest among government agencies to alleviate the discrimination problem for women.”
This new campaign innovation – calling up voters to ask their views on suffrage – found 75% support for the upcoming “Votes for Women” referendum, and lifted the spirits of everyone at the headquarters of both the Empire State Campaign Committee and the New York State Woman Suffrage Party.
Cox stated late today that he would give opponents a hearing “at some convenient time” in the future. He has already had lengthy and productive meetings with representatives of the National Woman’s Party to plan mutual strategies for ratification, so it’s clear where his priorities lie, and which side has the momentum for victory.
As if the National Woman’s Party didn’t already have enough trouble due to increasingly outrageous sentences handed down in court to its “Silent Sentinels” for picketing President Wilson at the White House, the landlord has just decreed that the N.W.P. must be out of Cameron House within three months.
Dewey also noted that women comprise 80 to 90 per cent of schoolteachers, and yet there is not one woman on New York City’s Board of Education, a situation that would change drastically if women were able to vote. He said it is well known that school boards often pay more attention to the male janitors and others who take care of the building than to the women who teach there.
General MacArthur has referred to WACs as “my best soldiers,” and General Eisenhower said: “During the time I had WACs under my command they have met every test and task assigned to them … their contributions in efficiency, skill, spirit and determination are immeasurable.”
“I intend that the federal career service be maintained in every respect without discrimination and with equal opportunity for employment and advancement. The opinion of the Attorney General now enables me to direct you to take immediate steps so that hereafter appointment or promotion shall be made without regard to sex, except in unusual situations where such action has been found justified by the Civil Service Commission on the basis of objective and non-discriminatory standards.”
This section has been fought by women’s groups since its passage, because it requires Federal agencies to fire those whose spouses are also employed by the Federal or D.C. governments when reductions in force need to be made. Since men tend to get promoted faster and higher than women, it’s husbands who almost always earn more than wives, so it’s the wife who winds up quitting if the couple must live on one salary.
“This has been a seventy-year struggle between the men and women of this great country. Isn’t it time to end the struggle? Is it fair that a woman should make the flag and only men should wave it?”