Why Are Women Experts Still Excluded From Peace Talks Across the Globe?

Over 614 million women live in conflict-affected countries. Women are needed now more than ever to play equal roles carrying out peace initiatives.

“Peace Begins With Her,” an interactive street-art exhibition to honor the contributions of women to peace was held on Oct. 25 outside the main entrance to the United Nations headquarters, coinciding with the annual Security Council debate on the topic, happening inside. The temporary installation was hosted by several U.N. agencies and attended by numerous women peacekeepers. (John Penney / PassBlue)

This article was originally published by PassBlue, a women-led nonprofit newsroom that covers the U.N. and global women’s rights.

Every year, women’s equal roles in peace talks are highlighted in October at the United Nations. This time, the women, peace and security agenda, as it’s known, got attention outside the U.N., near the steps to its main entrance on First Avenue and 47th Street, in east midtown Manhattan. There, advocates who persevere for women’s full participation in the herculean efforts to build peace from the ground up in wars and other troubled parts of the world took their message to the sidewalk.

“Amazing women all over the world, in all different contexts, are risking their lives, sometimes sacrificing their lives, to prevent conflicts from breaking out,” said Natasha Lamoreaux, a coordination specialist for U.N. Women, at the interactive, day-long event on Oct. 25. “They really understand and feel deeply the consequences of war, but they’re not invited to the peace table.

“And without them,” she added, “a sustainable and durable peace is just not possible.”

U.N. Women, the organization’s entity solely focused on gender equality and the empowerment of women globally, hosted the awareness-raising event with the U.N. Department of Peace Operations, the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and the Elsie Initiative Fund for Uniformed Women in Peace Operations, a U.N. program.

Under generous fall sunshine, the event featured a display of 50 life-size black and white portraits, set against polka-dotted backgrounds, of women peace-builders and peacekeepers from around the globe. In partnership with the Inside Out Project, a public art initiative founded by the French artist JR, and its monthlong campaign, “Peace Begins With Her,” the portraits were pasted to the sidewalk near the U.N.’s front door—a prime real estate spot full of people waiting to enter the U.N. for its regular tours and a steady stream of delegates walking into the compound, too.

The images of the women on display were meant to send a powerful reminder to world leaders and their delegations—some of them sitting in the conference rooms and chambers inside the U.N. each workday—and the public about the urgent need to have women involved at the highest levels of peacemaking and peace-building processes, no matter the size or shakiness of the proverbial negotiating table. And regardless of how many men with or without guns dominate the proceedings.

“When it comes to who’s invited to the table, we hear time and time again, from the, you know, ‘the people in charge’ that they couldn’t find qualified women,” Lamoreux said as she pointed at the portraits displayed at Wednesday’s exhibition. She continued: “We’ve got 50 women right here. We’ve got 50 ideas for how we can prevent conflict, resolve conflict and rebuild communities.”

The event also included a mobile photo booth, where people could have their picture taken as a gesture of support for world peace and gender equality.

In addition to coinciding with the annual Security Council debate being held on Oct. 25, marking the commemoration of Resolution 1325—adopted on Oct. 31, 2000—to address “the impact of war on women and the importance of women’s full and equal participation in conflict resolution, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, humanitarian response and in post-conflict reconstruction,” the exhibition also lined up with the release of Secretary-General António Guterres’s yearly report on women, peace and security.

Its grim findings show why women are needed now more than ever to play equal roles carrying out peace initiatives. “The number of women and girls living in conflict-affected countries reached 614 million in 2022, 50 percent higher than the number in 2017,” the report said. “Much of this increase is driven by nearly 200 armed conflicts and situations of organized violence, as well as by the climate crisis and the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19).” In 2022 alone, countries increased their military spending to $2.2 trillion as global humanitarian emergencies keep rising.

Guterres himself said at the Security Council debate, which lasted through the next day: “Despite our best efforts, women represented just sixteen percent of negotiators or delegates in the peace processes led, or co-led, by the United Nations. Women have had enough of being shut out of the decisions that shape their lives. … No more stalling, no more coasting, no more delays. We need to back the change-makers whose images we proudly display outside this building, starting today. The state of the world demands it. And women and girls, rightly, expect nothing less.”

The reality is that women remain sidelined from primary peace talks. While women participated in 80 percent of U.N.-led or co-led processes, they represent only about 16 percent of total participants, a rate that has dropped two years in a row.

Women were almost completely missing from many peace processes and political talks on “situations” monitored by the Security Council, including in Ethiopia, Kosovo (under Security Council Resolution 1244), Sudan, Myanmar and Libya.

Sophie Boudre, a gender communications officer with the U.N. peacekeeping department, based at the New York City headquarters, nevertheless sees progress in the women, peace and security agenda. The grassroots work by women is actually inspiring, she said—such as in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where they push through change despite the challenges.

But for local women to leap to top leadership roles and to sit at the table, their voices need to be heard by the international community, the U.N., governments and legislatures, Boudre added.

Here are brief interviews of women peacekeepers who work for the U.N. and elsewhere that took part in the exhibition, as well as tourists who checked it out. (Their quotes are edited for space and clarity. Photographs are by John Penney for PassBlue.)

Mira Koroma, a UN police officer originally from Sierra Leone. She said that being a woman peacekeeper is special because “the communities that we serve” have mostly suffered at the hands of men. (John Penney / PassBlue)

Mira Koroma, a U.N. police planning officer based at the U.N. and head of the women’s police network there, is originally from Sierra Leone. She has worked in such peace missions as Haiti, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic.

“I think being female, a woman peacekeeper, [is unique] because the communities that we serve—most of them have suffered at the hands of men. In conflict, men are raping them, killing them and all of that. So now if you only depend on men peacekeepers, for instance, the mass of the population, the women and children will be scared to interact with peacekeepers if it’s a male, but having women peacekeepers, they feel at ease.

“We understand how to communicate with each other as a woman. I can talk to another woman because I have worn your shoes, I know the things you’re going through. So, I think there’s a need for increase of women in peacekeeping.”

Capt. Carla Araujo is a Brazilian navy commander who started out in the military as a dentist. She has worked for the U.N. as a peacekeeper in the Central African Republic and won the U.N. Military Gender Advocate aware in 2019. (John Penney / PassBlue)

Capt. Carla Araujo, a Brazilian navy commander who began her career as a dentist, has worked overseas for the U.N. as a gender adviser in the Central African Republic. In 2019, she won the U.N. Military Gender Advocate of the Year Award.

“What I wish is that [women] could have a more equal voice and we could work together. Because sometimes I always feel that sometimes men feel like, ‘Okay, the women will get my position.’ But there’s a place for you. I really think that we can have space for everyone.”

Everything that has to do with peace and security, that has to do with decision-making, is always the men who do it. How can they know what’s really needed if they’re not on the ground?

Lola Ibrahim heads a Nigerian-based foundation that strives to end gender-based violence in her country. (John Penney / PassBlue)

Lola Ibrahim, president of the Wave Foundation, a Nigerian nonprofit group that focuses on ending gender-based violence.

“In Nigeria, we’ve been having the issue of conflict for more than 12 years. And it’s mostly women and girls and children that are affected, because they are the ones that are often displaced, you know, they take care of the home. And when there is a conflict, they are the ones that feel the impact more. And most of the time, they are not even involved in the decision-making at a higher level, you understand?

“The security officers, the policemen, the head of the army, the navy, the air force, everything that has to do with peace and security, that has to do with decision-making is always the men who do it. So how can they know what’s really needed if they’re not on the ground?

“Men are making the decisions, but it’s the women that feel the impact more. [That’s why] it’s really important for women to be part of the decision-making when it involves peace and security.”

Sophie Siegrist and her husband, Jean, tourists from Paris, had their photos taken at the exhibition. (John Penney / PassBlue)

Sophie Siegrist, mother, grandmother and tourist from Paris, France. 

“We are just a little country; you [the United States] are a big one, and you can have more impact [on promoting peace]. But [French people] don’t agree automatically with the U.S. Gaza is a tragedy, a very big one.”

Peacekeeping is not a choice but a right.

Sophie Boudre, who works for the U.N. peacekeeping department, says women must “demand to be heard.” (John Penney / PassBlue)

Sophie Boudre, a gender specialist with U.N. peacekeeping. 

“What can be done [to get more women peacemakers at the table] is to band together, talk to other women, educate them and be a role model. Demand to be heard. Ask the international community to support women in networks, ensuring organizations are diverse. Peacekeeping is not a choice but a right.”

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Dawn Clancy is a New York City-based reporter who focuses on women's issues, international conflict and diplomacy. She holds a master's degree from Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism. Previously, she has written for The Washington Post and HuffPost.